This Practice Book of RPSC-AE Mains for Civil Engineering is designed to help those aspiring students, who wanted to strengthen their grasp and understanding of the concept regarding Civil Engineering. The book focus specially on questions those may have 05 and 20 marks weightage in coming Exam of RPSC-AE Mains. The book represents in-depth explanations of each question with the help of derivations and diagrams. The book satisfies all requirements of students and boost their confidence for preparing RPSC-AE Mains as well as other State Level Conventional Exams like SSC-JE.
RPSC-AE Mains Civil Engineering Syllabus and Pattern:
Compulsory Paper (02) – SOCIAL ASPECTS OF ENGINEERING
- Development Processes: Inter relationship between social, economic, scientific and technological factors for development. Development criteria; gross national product, energy consumption.
- Rural economy, poverty, unemployment, exodus to urban areas. Land acquisition act.
- Globalisation of Economy: World Trade Organization (W.T.O.), trade related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), Quality assurance, ISO certification. 5 ‘S’ Theory, Optimisation of human, capital and material resources.
- Financing methods of infrastructure projects-BOT, PPP etc., Case studies of recent projects in Rajasthan-Refinery, IIIT, NHAI Highway, Dedicated Freight Corridor, Metro Rail Project.
- Technology for rural and Desert Areas, Characteristic of desert areas, Thar desert, desertification and its control, sand dunes stabilisation.
- Rural energy needs, Deforestation, Modem Solar appliances, Challenges in Solar Power and Wind Power Generation and their Connection to Grid.
- Rural industries. Soil and water conservation, water harvesting, watershed planning. Thermal comfort aspects of housing, transport in rural and desert areas, Drought, Famine and Disaster management.
- PMGSY Project. Right to Information act-its provisions.
- Technology Assessment and Transfer: Criteria for assessment and selection of technology, appropriate technology concept, technology transfer and development.
- Human Relations in Industry and Industrial Laws: Application of social sciences to industry, leadership and supervision, Labour relations, Trade unions, Salient features of Factory Act, Workmen’s Compensation Act, Minimum Wages Act. NAREGA project. Motivation. Conflict Management.
- Project Planning, Appraisal and Feasibility: Techno economic feasibility studies, Project planning and control, Use of CPM and PERT, Fixed and variable cost, IRR (Internal Role of Return), Cost-benefit ratio, NPV (Net Present Value) Break even analysis, Depreciation, life cycle costing. Software applications in life cycle cost analysis. Project Monitoring by SAP and other softwares.
- Environmental Degradation and Resource Depletion: Environmental degradation due to energy production, transport, industries, mining and intensive agricultural practices, control of air and water pollution. Hazards of environmental pollution. Health problems, challenges and their remedies due to sone industry, textile industry, coal based thermal power plants and refinery cum petrochemical complex in Rajasthan. Challenges and utilisation of industrial by products (Like Flyash) in Rajasthan.
- Depletion of natural resources due to population explosion and continuously rising standards of living. Environment impact analysis of projects, green technologies, Concept of sustainable development. National environmental laws. Carbon footprint of technologies, carbon credit system.
- Dumping of Radioactive waste-methods and monitoring. Effect on health.
- Development of Science and Technology: Information technology application in Project Designing, Project evaluation programme, implementation and monitoring.
Subject- CIVIL ENGINEERING – I
STRENGTH OF MATEIALS: Behaviour of engineering materials in tension, compression and shear, elastic limit, yield stress, proof stress, nominal stress, actual stress and untimate stress, factor of safety, load factor and elastic constants.
Principal stresses and strains, Strain energy, theories of elastic failure.
Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams, stress due to bending moment and shear force, design of section, section modulus, elementary theory of torsion, combined bending and torsion. Forces in statically determinate plane trusses.
Slope and deflection of statically determinate beams, deflection of statically determinate frames – Buckling of columns. Euler’s, Rankine’s and secant formulae. Combined, direct and bending stresses for short columns. Thin cylindrical and spherical shells.
SOIL AND FOUNDATION ENGINEERING: Soil Exploration: Methods of site exploration, boring, sampling, standard penetration test.
Preliminary definitions and relationship: Water content unit weight, specific gravity, void ratio, porosity and degree of saturation, density index, phase relationship.
Index Properties: Specific gravity, particle size distribution, consistency of soils. Classifications of soils, field identification.
Laboratory Test: Particle size analysis, liquid limit, plastic limit, proctor density, field density, permeability, shear box and unconfined.
Soil water: Inter-granular and pore water pressure, Quick sand phenomenon, permeability, Flow not and its uses.
Vertical pressure distribution: Boussinesg’s equations, Circular load, pressure bulb and its significance, Newmark’s chart. Contact pressure distribution.
Consolidation: Concept of one-dimensional consolidation. Laboratory consolidation test, overconsolidated normally consolidated soils, settlement analysis.
Shear Strength: Basic concept, Mohr-Coulomb Failure theory and measurement of shear strength. Earth Pressure: Lateral earth pressures (Active and Passive), Rankine’s and Coulomb’s theory. Stability of slopes: Methods of slices, friction circle method, Taylor’s method.
Bearing Capacity: Definations, Terzaghi’s method, general shear and local shear failures, plate load test.
Compaction: Field Compaction method, water content, field compaction control and factors affecting compaction. Pile Foundation: Types of piles, driving of piles, load carrying capacity of piles, pile load testing, under-reamed pile foundation, bored compaction piles.
Well Foundations: Caissons, shapes of wells and component parts depth of well foundation and bearing capacity, forces acting on a well foundation. Well sinking.
THEORY OF STRUCTURES: Statically Indeterminate Structures : Static and kinematics indeterminacy, Energy theorems, Stiffness and flexibility methods elementary analysis of structures, methods off consistent deformation, slope deflection and moment distribution. Analysis of beams (including continuous) and portal frames, Influence lines, Influence lines for moment, shear and reaction for statically determinate beams and planner trusses. Muller-Breslau Principle and influence
lines for indeterminate beams. Rolling loads on beams- shear force and bending moment due to concentrated loads, uniformly distributed loads- shorter and longer than span
STRUCTURAL DESIGN-I: Loads: Specifications for loads on buildings and bridges.
Reinforce cement concrete: Limit state theory, resistance to bending, shear and bond. Design of singly and doubly reinforced beams, one way, two way and flat slabs, columns with axial; and uniaxial moment loading, footing, cantilever and counterfort retaining walls, simple underground and elevated reservoirs, cantilever sheds, simple rectangular portal frames, spherical domes, staircase.
Pre-stressed Concrete: Properties of high grade concrete and high tensile steel, pre-tensioning and post tensioning losses in pre-stress. Analysis and design of rectangular beams and slab.
STRUCTURAL DESIGN-II: Steel Structures : Tension and compression members, single and built up sections, connection and splices, roof trusses, simple beams and Purlin connections, columns, lacing and batten, Grillage, Gusseted and slab base foundation. Plate and gantry girders, through and deck type plate grider bridges and with lateral bracings.
Subject- CIVIL ENGINEERING – II
FLUID MECHANICS: Fluid properties, types of flow, Fluid statics, forces on fully and partially submerged bodies, stability of floating bodies. Fluid kinematics, acceleration of fluid particle, velocity potential and stream function, irrotational flows, ideal fluid flow, Bernoulli’s, Navier Stokes, Reynold’s equations, application. Flow measuring devices.
Momentum and angular momentum principles as applied to fluid in a control volume, applications to jets. Introduction of viscous flow, concept of drag. Flow through pipes, Laminar and turbulent. Equations for boundary layer thickness and boundary shear over flat plates. Channel Flows (GVF and RVF), surges. Dimensional analysis and similitude techniques.
SURVEYING: Distance Measurements: Use of steel and metallic tapes, application of corrections, measurement of base line, errors in base line measurements, reduction to mean sea level, specifications for base line measurements, optical measurements of distances, use of substance bars.
Angle Measurements: Principles of theodolite constrictions, temporary and permanent adjustment, precision in relation to nature of work, compass, varieties, limitations. Traverse adjustments.
Verticle Measurements : Use of leveling instruments of level, level tubes, estimation of sensitivity, optics, care and maintenance, parameters to define quality of telescope, leveling instruments and theodolities, methods of records and reducing, stadia reductions, use of level rods, contouring, drainage and watershed lines.
Methods of filling in details: Chain and compass, plane table and traverse surveys. Principles and adjustments of closed traverse, determination of missing data, solution of two point and three point problems.
Other Surveys: Curve ranging using linear and angular measurements, simple compound and spiral curves.
Measurements of area and volumes: Use of planimeter, measurements of areas and volumes including prismoidal, trapezoidal and Simpson’s method.
Building Materials : building stones, building bricks, steel (Plain, Tor, High-tensile and Structural), Timber, lime, cement, sand, surkhi, cinder, stone slabs and lintels, aggregates for cement concrete, paints, distempers, use of pozzolana manufacturing of lime concrete, cement concrete for plain, reinforced and pre-stressed concrete work.
Road Materials: Coarse aggregate, screenings and binding materials for WBM. Bricks for soling. coarse and fine aggregate for bituminous roads, IRC standard size aggregates, Tars and Asphalt. Asphaltic concrete, Asphaltic emulsions, Mastic Asphalt and Minerals fillers.
Constructions Stone Masonry: Ashlar, course rubble, random rubble, stone pillar, dry stone and
Bricks Masonry: Types and their uses hollow and reinforced brick work. Wood work: doors and windows.
Steel works: Structural steel work, metal doors and windows.
Roofing: Stone slab roofing, G.C. Steel sheet roofing, Asbestos cement sheet roofing, jack arch roofing, tile and thatch roofing.
Flooring: Cement concrete flooring, flag stone flooring, terrazzo mosaic flooring, Terrazzo file flooring, Brick on edge flooring, timber Granolithic floor finish, linoleum and other floorings.
Plastering: Lime plaster, cement sand plaster, composite, plaster, rough coat plaster, Araish plastering with Gypsum, Plaster of Paris, painting.
Miscellaneous: Damp proof course, anti-termite treatment, sill, coping and corbelling.
Centering and Shuttering: Centering form work, shuttering and moulds, timber trestles and false work, scaffolding and shoring, under pinning.
Sanitary and Water Supply : Providing and laying galvanized iron PVC, asbestos cement, stone ware, cast iron and RCC pipes; sewerage and drainage system; over head and under ground tanks; manholes and gully chambers ; septic tank; soak pit, dispersion trench, floor and wall treatment in toilets, glazed tile work, downpour pipes.
Construction Management: Management of construction, plants and equipments. Planning for construction using network analysis C.P.M. and PERT techniques.
Shallow foundation: spread foundation, combined footing and strap footing, Mat or Raft Footing.
HYDROLOGY AND WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING: Engineering Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapo-transpiration and infiltration. Estimation of dependable runoff factors effecting runoff. Rainfall runoff relationship, flood/drought estimation using frequency analysis and unit hydrograph methods. Groundwater hydrology, aquifers, steady flow towards fully penetrating wells confined and unconfined aquifers.
Crop water requirements: consumptive use of water. Water depth and frequency of irrigation. Soil moisture and its variation in the root zone. Wilting point. Field capacity. Different methods of irrigation and irrigation efficiency. Duty, delta and outlet factor. Cropping patterns. Intensity of irrigation, Command area development and its related problems.
Diversion Head Works: Principles of design of weirs on non-permeable and permeable foundations. Khosla’s theory, designs for uplift and exit gradient. Silt exclusion from canal head works.
Canals: Lined and unlined canals. Lacey’s and Kennedy’s theories, Tractive force approach. Types of lining and its selection criteria.
Lift Irrigation from Canals and Wells
Ground water availability in unconfined aquifers. Safe yield formulae, construction and maintenance of wells. Relative merits oflift irrigation and flow irrigation.
Storage Works: Different types of dams. Elementary concepts of masonry, concrete, earthen, butteress and arch dams. Forces gravity dams. Structural behaviour stability considerations and stress variation in gravity dams. Appurtenances, Foundation Treatment and control of seepage.
Multi-purpose Project: Compatibility of Multi-purpose uses. Data needed in planning of multi-purpose water resources projects. Reservoir planning, Environmental consequences of irrigation. Water logging, problems of alkalinity and salinity, Farm drainage and CAD works.
TRANSPORT AND TRAFFIC ENGINEERING: Survey investigation and preparation of road project.
Highway standard classification, land width, building line center line, formation width, terrain classification, pavement width Camber longitudinal gradients, sight distance horizontal curve, super elevation, vertical curve, lateral and vertical clearances.
Design of Pavement: Flexible pavements.
Pavement Construction: Sub-base, base course and shoulder stone/kankar brick soling, WBM courses, shoulders. Granular sub-base, stabilized soil roads, cement/lime stabilized sub-base, sand bitumen base course, crushed cement concrete base/sub-base course.
Bituminous Course: Prime and tack coats, surface dressing, open graded premix carpet, semi dense carpet, built-up spray grout base course, bituminous base binder course. Asphaltic concrete seal coats, mixed seal surfacing. Penetration macadam base/binder course, full and semi grouts.
Traffic Engineering : Traffic characteristics, road user characteristics, vehicular characteristics, volume, speed and delay studies origin and destination study, traffic flow characteristics, traffic capacity and parking studies, traffic regulation, traffic control devices, Intersection control. System approach in traffic management.
Bridge Engineering: Components of bridges, classification of bridges, requirements of an ideal bridge, selection of bridge site, Bridge alignment, site investigation and collection of data, waterway of bridges. Economic span scour depth of foundation, Afflux, clearance, free board. Type of bridge superstructures and methods of erection, bridge bearings, joints in bridge, wearing coat, Railing, parapet and approach slab.
Type of bridge foundation, bridge pier, adjustment and wing walls. Training work for bridges and protection works. Low cost bridges, causeway, timber bridges, suspension bridges, pipe and slab culverts.
WATER SUPPLY AND SANITARY ENGINEERING:
Water Supply Engineering: Quantitative requirements of water supply for urban and rural areas. Variation in demant. Forecast of population. Different sources of water supply, lakes, rivers and ground water. Intake arrangements. Drinking water standard for water. Bacteriological test. Pumping of raw water. Design of rising mains. Water treatment, flow diagram, sedimentation coagulation, filtration and disinfection, water softening and aeration of water. Water distribution system and their design and analysis. Clear water reservoirs. Rural water supply and sanitation. Problems of low cost potable water for rural population. Tube wells for water supply. Safe yield from tube wells.
Sanitary Engineering: sewerage, separate sewers and combined sewers. Hydraulic and structural design considerations. Different types of pipe material and different shapes of build up sewers. Superimposed load n sewers. House plumbing, various accessories and arrangement. Sewage pumping station.
Characterization of Sewage : Physical, chemical and biological analysis, Industrial waste water and its problems, natural purification process through soil mass and through water bodies self purification of streams. Sewage treatment, Physical treatment, screening, skimming tanks, Grit chamber, Settling tanks. Secondary (biological) treatment, trickling filters and high rate bio filters. Activated sludge and accelerated aeration plants. Secondary, settling tanks, sludge digesters and sludge drying. Final disposal, Low cost waste water treatment oxidation ponds, oxidation ditches, aerated lagoons, septic tank, anaerobic lagoons. Dry refuse disposal. Basic concepts of Urban and Rural sanitation.